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Jane Austen Timeline

Posted: 23rd April 2015

1775 Jane Austen born in Steventon on 16 December 

1779 Jane Austen’s brother George is sent away from Steventon to be cared for by the Culham family in Monk Sherborne. The Culhams also looked after Jane Austen’s uncle, Thomas Leigh
1783 Jane Austen and her sister Cassandra move to Oxford to attend boarding school . The school was later moved to Southampton, where the girls caught typhus and had to return home

Around this time, Jane Austen’s brother Edward was officially adopted by Thomas and Catherine Knight, wealthy relatives of George Austen
1785 Jane Austen and her sister leave for school in Reading, but are brought home the following year as their father could not afford to keep them at school
1787 Jane Austen begins to write her Juvenilia
1793 Jane Austen begins to write Lady Susan, completed in 1795
1795 Jane Austen reads Elinor and Marianne to her family – the novel would later be reworked to become Sense and Sensibility
1796 Jane Austen drafts First Impressions, later to become Pride and Prejudice
1797 George Austen submits the completed draft of First Impressions to Thomas Cadell, who declined it ‘by return of post’

Jane Austen visits her aunt and uncle, the Leigh-Perrots, in Bath. Her visit inspired Northanger Abbey
1801 Jane Austen moves to Bath with her parents and her sister Cassandra
1802 Jane Austen receives a marriage proposal from Harris Bigg-Wither which she initially accepted and then rejected
1803 Jane Austen’s manuscript Susan (later reworked to become Northanger Abbey) is sold to Crosby & Co.

Jane Austen visits Lyme Regis three times between 1803 and 1804 with her brother Henry and his wife
1804 Jane Austen begins, but does not finish, The Watsons
1805 The Reverend George Austen, Jane Austen’s father, dies in Bath, leaving his wife and daughters with little money
1806 Jane Austen, her mother and her sister leave Bath to stay with her brother Francis and his wife in Southampton
1808 Jane Austen, her mother and her sister go to stay with Edward Austen-Knight at his estate in Kent. Edward was later able to offer them a home on his estate at Chawton in Hampshire
1809 Jane Austen, her mother and her sister move into Chawton Cottage

Jane Austen writes to Crosby and Co. to request the return of her unpublished manuscript Susan
1811 Sense and Sensibility published
1813 Pride and Prejudice published

Second editions are published of both Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice
1814 Mansfield Park published
1815 Emma published. At his request, the novel is dedicated to the Prince Regent, later George IV
1815 Jane Austen falls ill
1816 A second edition of Mansfield Park is published
1817 Jane Austen begins and abandons her unfinished novel Sanditon

Jane Austen dies in Winchester on 18 July, aged 41. She is buried in Winchester Cathedral

Persuasion and Northanger Abbey published posthumously

Important historical events

1776 American Declaration of Independence
1780 Gordon Riots in London
1789 French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille prison on 14 July
1798 Irish Rebellion
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte stages a successful coup d’état and becomes First Consul of France
1802 Paris Mania : British aristocrats visit Paris during a lull in hostilities with France following the Treaty of Amiens
1803 Treaty of Amiens expires, Napoleonic Wars begin
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French
1805 Battle of Trafalgar
1807 Peninsular War begins between France, Britain, Spain and Portugal
1811 George III is pronounced unfit to rule and his son becomes Prince Regent
1813 Napoleon’s forces defeated at the Battle of Leipzig.
1814 Allied forces invade France. Napoleon is exiled to Elba
1815 Napoleon escapes from Elba and the Hundred Days begin

The Napoleonic Wars end with the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo

Cultural timeline

1719 Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe published
1722 Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe published
1749 Tom Jones by Henry Fielding published
1759-1767 The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman by Laurence Sterne published
1778 Evelina or the History of a Young Lady’s Entrance into the World by Fanny Burney published anonymously
1782 Cecilia, or Memoirs of an Heiress by Fanny Burney published. The following passage from the novel probably inspired the title of Pride and Prejudice:
“The whole of this unfortunate business,” said Dr Lyster, “has been the result of PRIDE and PREJUDICE.”
1789 The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne. A Highland Story by Ann Radcliffe published
1790 A Sicilian Romance by Ann Radcliffe published
1791 The Romance of the Forest by Ann Radcliffe published
1792 A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects by Mary Wollstonecraft published
1794 The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe published

The Fall of Robespierre by Robert Southey published
1796 Camilla, or a Picture of Youth by Fanny Burney published

The Monk by Matthew Lewis published
1797 The Italian, or the Confessional of the Black Penitents by Ann Radcliffe published
1798 Muzio Clementi takes over a music publishing firm in London, and also begins to manufacture pianos. The piano at Chawton Cottage was built by Clementi & Co.

Practical Education by Maria Edgeworth published
1800 Castle Rackrent by Maria Edgeworth published

1801-1812 Belinda by Maria Edgeworth published

Parthenon Marbles transported to Britain by Lord Elgin
1805 The Lay of the Last Minstrel by Walter Scott published
1808 Marmion by Walter Scott published
1809 Quarterly Review founded by John Murray publishers with the help of Walter Scott. John Murray published Jane Austen’s work from 1815
1810 The Lady of the Lake by Walter Scott published

Zastrozzi: A Romance by Percy Bysshe Shelley published anonymously
1812 First two Cantos of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage by Lord Byron published
1813 Robert Southey becomes Poet Laureate after Walter Scott rejects the position
1814 The Wanderer; or, Female Difficulties by Fanny Burney published

The Corsair by Lord Byron published

Waverley by Walter Scott published

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