Jane Austen Timeline
A timeline on Jane Austen's life.
1775- Jane Austen born in Steventon on 16 December.
1779- Jane Austen’s brother George is sent away from Steventon to be cared for by the Culham family in Monk Sherborne. The Culhams also looked after Jane Austen’s uncle, Thomas Leigh.
1783- Jane Austen and her sister Cassandra move to Oxford to attend boarding school. The school was later moved to Southampton, where the girls caught typhus and had to return home. Around this time, Jane Austen’s brother Edward was officially adopted by Thomas and Catherine Knight, wealthy relatives of George Austen.
1785- Jane Austen and her sister leave for school in Reading, but are brought home the following year as their father could not afford to keep them at school.
1787- Jane Austen begins to write her Juvenilia.
1793- Jane Austen begins to write Lady Susan, completed in 1795.
1795- Jane Austen reads Elinor and Marianne to her family – the novel would later be reworked to become Sense and Sensibility.
1796- Jane Austen drafts First Impressions, later to become Pride and Prejudice.
1797- George Austen submits the completed draft of First Impressions to Thomas Cadell, who declined it ‘by return of post’Jane- Austen visits her aunt and uncle, the Leigh-Perrots, in Bath. Her visit inspired Northanger Abbey.
1801- Jane Austen moves to Bath with her parents and her sister Cassandra.
1802- Jane Austen receives a marriage proposal from Harris Bigg-Wither which she initially accepted and then rejected.
1803- Jane Austen’s manuscript Susan (later reworked to become Northanger Abbey) is sold to Crosby & Co. Jane- Austen visits Lyme Regis three times between 1803 and 1804 with her brother Henry and his wife.
1804- Jane Austen begins, but does not finish, The Watsons.
1805- The Reverend George Austen, Jane Austen’s father, dies in Bath, leaving his wife and daughterswith little money.
1806- Jane Austen, her mother and her sister leave Bath to stay with her brother Francis and his wife in Southampton.
1808- Jane Austen, her mother and her sister go to stay with Edward Austen-Knight at his estate in Kent. Edward was later able to offer them a home on his estate at Chawton in Hampshire.
1809- Jane Austen, her mother and her sister move into Chawton Cottage Jane Austen writes to Crosby and Co. to request the return of her unpublished manuscript Susan.
1811- Sense and Sensibility published .
1813- Pride and Prejudice published Second editions are published of both Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice.
1814- Mansfield Park published.
1815- Emma published. At his request, the novel isdedicated to the Prince Regent, later George IV .
1815- Jane Austen falls ill.
1816- A second edition of Mansfield Park is published.
1817- Jane Austen begins and abandons her unfinished novel Sanditon, Jane- Austen dies in Winchester on 18 July, aged 41. She is buried in Winchester Cathedral. Persuasion and Northanger Abbey published posthumously.
Important Historical Events
1776- American Declaration of Independence.
1780- Gordon Riots in London.
1789- French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille prison on 14 July.
1798- Irish Rebellion.
1799- Napoleon Bonaparte stages a successful coup d’état and becomes First Consul of France.
1802- Paris Mania: British aristocrats visit Paris during a lull in hostilities with France following the Treaty of Amiens.
1803- Treaty of Amiens expires, Napoleonic Wars begin.
1804- Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French.
1805- Battle of Trafalgar.
1807- Peninsular War begins between France, Britain, Spain and Portugal.
1811- George III is pronounced unfit to rule and his son becomes Prince Regent.
1813- Napoleon’s forces defeated at the Battle of Leipzig.
1814- Allied forces invade France. Napoleon is exiled to Elba.
1815- Napoleon escapes from Elba and the Hundred Days begin The Napoleonic Wars end with the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo.
1719- Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe published.
1722- Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe published.
1749- Tom Jones by Henry Fielding published.
1759-1767 The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman by Laurence Sterne published.
1778- Evelina or the History of a Young Lady’s Entrance into the World by Fanny Burney published anonymously.
1782- Cecilia, or Memoirs of an Heiress by Fanny Burney published. The following passage from the novel probably inspired the title of Pride and Prejudice: “The whole of this unfortunate business,” said Dr Lyster, “has been the result of PRIDE and PREJUDICE.”
1789- The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne. A Highland Story by Ann Radcliffe published.
1790- A Sicilian Romance by Ann Radcliffe published.
1791- The Romance of the Forest by Ann Radcliffe published.
1792- A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects by Mary Wollstonecraft published.
1794- The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe published "The Fall of Robespierre by Robert Southey" published.
1796- Camilla, or a Picture of Youth by Fanny Burney published "The Monk by Matthew Lewis published".
1797- The Italian, or the Confessional of the Black Penitents by Ann Radcliffe published.
1798- Muzio Clementi takes over a music publishing firm in London, and also begins to manufacture pianos. The piano at Chawton Cottage was built by Clementi & Co. Practical Education by Maria Edgeworth published.
1800- Castle Rackrent by Maria Edgeworth published.
1801-1812 Belinda by Maria Edgeworth published Parthenon Marbles transported to Britain by Lord Elgin.
1805- The Lay of the Last Minstrel by Walter Scott published.
1808- Marmion by Walter Scott published.
1809- Quarterly Review founded by John Murray publishers with the help of Walter Scott. John Murray published Jane Austen’s work from 1815.
1810- The Lady of the Lake by Walter Scott published Zastrozzi: A Romance by Percy Bysshe Shelley published anonymously.
1812- First two Cantos of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage by Lord Byron published.
1813- Robert Southey becomes Poet Laureate after Walter Scott rejects the position.
1814- The Wanderer; or, Female Difficulties by Fanny Burney publishedThe Corsair by Lord Byron published Waverley by Walter Scott published.
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